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Kegal Exercises During Pregnancy & Postpartum

Updated: May 20, 2023

kegel exercises during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a transformative and awe-inspiring journey, filled with anticipation and joy. As an expectant mother, taking care of your physical and emotional well-being becomes paramount. Among the many aspects of self-care during pregnancy, the importance of maintaining a strong pelvic floor often goes unnoticed. Enter Kegel exercises, a simple yet powerful practice specifically designed to support and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.

In this blog, we will delve into the world of Kegel exercises during pregnancy, exploring their numerous benefits and shedding light on how they can contribute to a healthier and more comfortable journey for both mother and baby. From understanding what Kegel exercises are to discovering when and how to do them, we will unlock the secrets of harnessing your inner strength and harnessing the power of the pelvic floor. So, join us as we embark on this empowering journey, embracing the beauty of Kegel exercises during pregnancy.

Moreover, Pink Orchid offers prenatal & postnatal massages in the comfort of your home in Pune.

Table Of Contents

What Are Kegal Exercises?

Kegel exercises, also known as pelvic floor exercises, are a set of exercises that specifically target and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles. These exercises were developed by Dr. Arnold Kegel in the 1940s and have since become widely recognized as an effective way to improve pelvic floor health.

A pelvic floor is a group of muscles located at the base of the pelvis, forming a supportive hammock-like structure that holds organs such as the bladder, uterus, and rectum in place. The pelvic floor muscles play a crucial role in maintaining urinary and bowel continence, supporting the pelvic organs, and providing stability to the spine and pelvis.

Pregnancy, childbirth, aging, obesity, chronic constipation, and certain medical conditions can weaken the pelvic floor muscles, leading to issues such as urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction. Kegel exercises are designed to strengthen and tone these muscles, helping to prevent or alleviate these problems.

Performing Kegel exercises involves contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles repeatedly. The primary goal is to improve the muscle's strength, endurance, and control. The exercises are discreet, can be done anywhere, and require no special equipment.

When & Who Should Do Kegal Exercises?

Kegel exercises are beneficial for a wide range of individuals and can be done at various stages of life. They are particularly useful for women during and after pregnancy, as pregnancy and childbirth can place significant strain on the pelvic floor muscles.

Performing Kegel exercises during pregnancy helps strengthen these muscles, preparing them for the demands of labor and potentially reducing the risk of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. After childbirth, Kegel exercises can aid in the recovery of the pelvic floor muscles and restore their strength and function.

In addition, kegel exercises are recommended for individuals experiencing urinary incontinence, which can occur due to factors such as age, obesity, childbirth, or weakened pelvic floor muscles. By regularly performing Kegel exercises, these muscles can be strengthened, leading to improved bladder control and a reduction in urinary leakage.

Benefits Of Kegel Exercises During Pregnancy

Kegel exercises offer numerous benefits for pregnant women. Here are some of the key advantages of incorporating Kegel exercises into your pregnancy routine:

  1. Strengthening The Pelvic Floor Muscles: Kegel exercises focus on strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, which play a crucial role during pregnancy and childbirth. As the baby grows, the pelvic floor muscles undergo increased strain. By regularly practicing Kegels, you can improve the strength and endurance of these muscles, enhancing their ability to support the growing uterus and the weight it carries.

  2. Reducing The Risk Of Urinary Incontinence: Pregnancy hormones, along with the pressure exerted on the bladder by the expanding uterus, can lead to urinary incontinence or leakage. Kegel exercises target the muscles that control urinary function, helping to prevent or minimize episodes of urinary incontinence during pregnancy. By strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, you can gain better control over your bladder and reduce the likelihood of leakage, especially when coughing, sneezing, or engaging in physical activities.

  3. Promoting Postpartum Recovery: After childbirth, the pelvic floor muscles may be weakened or stretched. Regularly performing Kegel exercises during pregnancy can help maintain the strength and integrity of these muscles, making the recovery process smoother. Strong pelvic floor muscles assist in postpartum healing, contribute to better bladder control, and aid in the restoration of pelvic floor tone and function.

  4. Enhancing Sexual Well-Being: Kegel exercises can have a positive impact on sexual health during pregnancy. Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles can lead to improved muscle tone in the vaginal area, potentially enhancing sexual sensation and increasing satisfaction. Additionally, having strong pelvic floor muscles can aid in postpartum sexual recovery by promoting better vaginal muscle control and overall sexual functioning.

  5. Supporting Overall Pelvic Health: A strong and well-functioning pelvic floor is essential for maintaining optimal pelvic health. Kegel exercises help to prevent or manage conditions such as pelvic organ prolapse, where the pelvic organs descend or protrude into the vaginal canal. By actively engaging and strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, you can provide support to the pelvic organs and reduce the risk of prolapse.

How To Do Kegal Exercises?

To perform Kegel exercises, follow these simple steps:

  1. Identify The Right Muscles: The first step is to locate and identify your pelvic floor muscles. You can do this by imagining that you are trying to stop the flow of urine midstream. The muscles you engage to do this are the ones you'll be targeting during Kegel exercises.

  2. Get Into A Comfortable Position: Find a comfortable position to perform the exercises. You can either sit or lie down, whichever is more comfortable for you. Relax your body and keep your breathing steady.

  3. Contract The Muscles: Squeeze and lift the pelvic floor muscles, as if you're trying to pull them upward. Focus on a gentle and controlled contraction. Be careful not to tighten the abdomen, buttocks, or thigh muscles. Hold the contraction for about 5 seconds.

  4. Relax The Muscles: Release the contraction and allow your pelvic floor muscles to fully relax for about 5 seconds. Take this time to rest and prepare for the next contraction.

  5. Repeat The Exercise: Aim to complete a set of 10 repetitions. Start gradually if needed and work your way up to more repetitions over time. Remember to focus on the quality of each contraction rather than the quantity.

Safety Considerations & Precautions For Kegal Exercises

When engaging in Kegel exercises, it's important to keep some safety considerations and precautions in mind:

  1. Avoid Overexertion: While it's important to challenge your pelvic floor muscles, avoid overexertion. Do not push yourself to the point of pain or discomfort during Kegel exercises. Overexertion can lead to muscle fatigue or strain, which can be counterproductive and potentially cause injury. Start with gentle contractions and gradually increase the intensity as your muscles get stronger.

  2. Know When To Avoid Or Modify Exercises: There are instances when Kegel exercises may not be suitable or require modification. If you have a pelvic floor condition, such as pelvic pain or pelvic organ prolapse, consult with your healthcare provider before starting Kegel exercises. They can provide guidance on whether these exercises are appropriate for you and suggest any modifications based on your specific condition. Additionally, if you experience pain, discomfort, or unusual symptoms while performing Kegels, stop and consult with a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying issues.

Incorporating Kegel Exercises Into Your Daily Routine

Incorporating Kegel exercises into your daily routine is a simple and effective way to maintain pelvic floor health. By making them a regular practice, you can experience the long-term benefits of stronger pelvic floor muscles. One approach is to choose specific times throughout the day to perform Kegel exercises, such as during your morning routine, lunch break, or before bedtime.

By associating Kegels with specific daily activities, you're more likely to remember and consistently incorporate them into your routine. Another strategy is to make use of reminders, such as setting alarms on your phone or leaving sticky notes in visible places as prompts to do your Kegel exercises. By creating a habit and sticking to a routine, you can ensure that Kegels become a natural part of your daily life.

Furthermore, integrating Kegel exercises with other activities can help you stay consistent. For example, you can perform Kegels while brushing your teeth, sitting at your desk, or watching TV. These exercises can be done discreetly, as they don't require any special equipment or specific body positioning. By multitasking in this way, you maximize your time and effortlessly incorporate Kegels into your daily activities.


1. When Should You Start Doing Kegels During Pregnancy?

It is generally recommended to start doing Kegel exercises during pregnancy as early as possible.

2. Are Kegel Exercises Safe During Pregnancy?

Yes, kegel exercises are generally safe during pregnancy and can be beneficial for strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and preventing issues like urinary incontinence.

3. What Are Kegel Exercises Used For Pregnancy?

Kegel exercises during pregnancy are used to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, support the growing uterus, reduce the risk of urinary incontinence, and aid in postpartum recovery.


kegel exercises during pregnancy

As our journey exploring Kegel exercises during pregnancy comes to a close, we can't help but marvel at the incredible benefits these simple exercises offer. From strengthening the pelvic floor muscles to reducing the risk of urinary incontinence, Kegel exercises are a valuable tool for expectant mothers seeking to optimize their overall well-being.

By incorporating Kegel exercises into your daily routine, you can prepare your body for the demands of labor, promote postpartum recovery, and enhance your overall pelvic health. Remember, consistency is key. Whether you're practicing them during your morning routine or finding moments throughout the day to engage in discreet contractions, making Kegel exercises a regular part of your pregnancy journey will yield long-lasting benefits.



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